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|ACT III SCENE I ||OLIVIA's garden.|| |
|[Enter VIOLA, and Clown with a tabour]|
|VIOLA||Save thee, friend, and thy music: dost thou live by|
|Clown||No, sir, I live by the church.|
|VIOLA||Art thou a churchman?|
|Clown||No such matter, sir: I do live by the church; for|
|I do live at my house, and my house doth stand by|
|VIOLA||So thou mayst say, the king lies by a beggar, if a|
|beggar dwell near him; or, the church stands by thy|
|tabour, if thy tabour stand by the church.||9|
|Clown||You have said, sir. To see this age! A sentence is|
|but a cheveril glove to a good wit: how quickly the|
|wrong side may be turned outward!|
|VIOLA||Nay, that's certain; they that dally nicely with|
|words may quickly make them wanton.|
|Clown||I would, therefore, my sister had had no name, sir.|
|Clown||Why, sir, her name's a word; and to dally with that|
|word might make my sister wanton. But indeed words|
|are very rascals since bonds disgraced them.|
|VIOLA||Thy reason, man?|
|Clown||Troth, sir, I can yield you none without words; and|
|words are grown so false, I am loath to prove|
|reason with them.||20|
|VIOLA||I warrant thou art a merry fellow and carest for nothing.|
|Clown||Not so, sir, I do care for something; but in my|
|conscience, sir, I do not care for you: if that be|
|to care for nothing, sir, I would it would make you invisible.|
|VIOLA||Art not thou the Lady Olivia's fool?|
|Clown||No, indeed, sir; the Lady Olivia has no folly: she|
|will keep no fool, sir, till she be married; and|
|fools are as like husbands as pilchards are to|
|herrings; the husband's the bigger: I am indeed not|
|her fool, but her corrupter of words.|
|VIOLA||I saw thee late at the Count Orsino's.||31|
|Clown||Foolery, sir, does walk about the orb like the sun,|
|it shines every where. I would be sorry, sir, but|
|the fool should be as oft with your master as with|
|my mistress: I think I saw your wisdom there.|
|VIOLA||Nay, an thou pass upon me, I'll no more with thee.|
|Hold, there's expenses for thee.|
|Clown||Now Jove, in his next commodity of hair, send thee a beard!|
|VIOLA||By my troth, I'll tell thee, I am almost sick for|
|though I would not have it grow on my chin. Is thy||42|
|Clown||Would not a pair of these have bred, sir?|
|VIOLA||Yes, being kept together and put to use.|
|Clown||I would play Lord Pandarus of Phrygia, sir, to bring|
|a Cressida to this Troilus.|
|VIOLA||I understand you, sir; 'tis well begged.|
|Clown||The matter, I hope, is not great, sir, begging but|
|a beggar: Cressida was a beggar. My lady is|
|within, sir. I will construe to them whence you|
|come; who you are and what you would are out of my|
|welkin, I might say 'element,' but the word is over-worn.|
|VIOLA||This fellow is wise enough to play the fool;||53|
|And to do that well craves a kind of wit:|
|He must observe their mood on whom he jests,|
|The quality of persons, and the time,|
|And, like the haggard, cheque at every feather|
|That comes before his eye. This is a practise|
|As full of labour as a wise man's art|
|For folly that he wisely shows is fit;|
|But wise men, folly-fall'n, quite taint their wit.||60|
|[Enter SIR TOBY BELCH, and SIR ANDREW]|
|SIR TOBY BELCH||Save you, gentleman.|
|VIOLA||And you, sir.|
|SIR ANDREW||Dieu vous garde, monsieur.|
|VIOLA||Et vous aussi; votre serviteur.|
|SIR ANDREW||I hope, sir, you are; and I am yours.|
|SIR TOBY BELCH||Will you encounter the house? my niece is desirous|
|you should enter, if your trade be to her.|
|VIOLA||I am bound to your niece, sir; I mean, she is the|
|list of my voyage.||70|
|SIR TOBY BELCH||Taste your legs, sir; put them to motion.|
|VIOLA||My legs do better understand me, sir, than I|
|understand what you mean by bidding me taste my legs.|
|SIR TOBY BELCH||I mean, to go, sir, to enter.|
|VIOLA||I will answer you with gait and entrance. But we|
|are prevented.||[Enter OLIVIA and MARIA]
|Most excellent accomplished lady, the heavens rain|
|odours on you!|
|SIR ANDREW||That youth's a rare courtier: 'Rain odours;' well.||80|
|VIOLA||My matter hath no voice, to your own most pregnant|
|and vouchsafed ear.|
|SIR ANDREW||'Odours,' 'pregnant' and 'vouchsafed:' I'll get 'em|
|all three all ready.|
|OLIVIA||Let the garden door be shut, and leave me to my hearing.||[Exeunt SIR TOBY BELCH, SIR ANDREW, and MARIA]
|Give me your hand, sir.|
|VIOLA||My duty, madam, and most humble service.|
|OLIVIA||What is your name?|
|VIOLA||Cesario is your servant's name, fair princess.||90|
|OLIVIA||My servant, sir! 'Twas never merry world|
|Since lowly feigning was call'd compliment:|
|You're servant to the Count Orsino, youth.|
|VIOLA||And he is yours, and his must needs be yours:|
|Your servant's servant is your servant, madam.|
|OLIVIA||For him, I think not on him: for his thoughts,|
|Would they were blanks, rather than fill'd with me!|
|VIOLA||Madam, I come to whet your gentle thoughts|
|On his behalf.|
|OLIVIA||O, by your leave, I pray you,|
|I bade you never speak again of him:||100|
|But, would you undertake another suit,|
|I had rather hear you to solicit that|
|Than music from the spheres.|
|OLIVIA||Give me leave, beseech you. I did send,|
|After the last enchantment you did here,|
|A ring in chase of you: so did I abuse|
|Myself, my servant and, I fear me, you:|
|Under your hard construction must I sit,|
|To force that on you, in a shameful cunning,|
|Which you knew none of yours: what might you think?||110|
|Have you not set mine honour at the stake|
|And baited it with all the unmuzzled thoughts|
|That tyrannous heart can think? To one of your receiving|
|Enough is shown: a cypress, not a bosom,|
|Hideth my heart. So, let me hear you speak.|
|VIOLA||I pity you.|
|OLIVIA||That's a degree to love.|
|VIOLA||No, not a grize; for 'tis a vulgar proof,|
|That very oft we pity enemies.|
|OLIVIA||Why, then, methinks 'tis time to smile again.|
|O, world, how apt the poor are to be proud!||120|
|If one should be a prey, how much the better|
|To fall before the lion than the wolf!||[Clock strikes]
|The clock upbraids me with the waste of time.|
|Be not afraid, good youth, I will not have you:|
|And yet, when wit and youth is come to harvest,|
|Your were is alike to reap a proper man:|
|There lies your way, due west.|
|VIOLA||Then westward-ho! Grace and good disposition|
|Attend your ladyship!|
|You'll nothing, madam, to my lord by me?||130|
|I prithee, tell me what thou thinkest of me.|
|VIOLA||That you do think you are not what you are.|
|OLIVIA||If I think so, I think the same of you.|
|VIOLA||Then think you right: I am not what I am.|
|OLIVIA||I would you were as I would have you be!|
|VIOLA||Would it be better, madam, than I am?|
|I wish it might, for now I am your fool.|
|OLIVIA||O, what a deal of scorn looks beautiful|
|In the contempt and anger of his lip!||140|
|A murderous guilt shows not itself more soon|
|Than love that would seem hid: love's night is noon.|
|Cesario, by the roses of the spring,|
|By maidhood, honour, truth and every thing,|
|I love thee so, that, maugre all thy pride,|
|Nor wit nor reason can my passion hide.|
|Do not extort thy reasons from this clause,|
|For that I woo, thou therefore hast no cause,|
|But rather reason thus with reason fetter,|
|Love sought is good, but given unsought better.||150|
|VIOLA||By innocence I swear, and by my youth|
|I have one heart, one bosom and one truth,|
|And that no woman has; nor never none|
|Shall mistress be of it, save I alone.|
|And so adieu, good madam: never more|
|Will I my master's tears to you deplore.|
|OLIVIA||Yet come again; for thou perhaps mayst move|
|That heart, which now abhors, to like his love.|
Next: Twelfth Night, Act 3, Scene 2
Explanatory Notes for Act 3, Scene 1
From Twelfth Night Or What You Will. Ed. Kenneth Deighton. London: Macmillan.
1. Save thee, God save thee, of which the Fr. equivalent is
used 1. 64 below.
1, 2. live ..tabor? get your living by playing the tabor, or
tambourine, a kind of small drum used at festivities; cp. M. A.
ii. 3. 15, "I have known when there was no music with him but
the drum and the fife (i.e. when he cared for none but martial
music), and now had he rather hear the tabor and the pipe (i.e.
music for the dance)."
3. by the church, near the church; for a similar equivoque,
cp. Oth. iii. 4. 1-6.
4. a Churchman, an ecclesiastic.
5. No such matter, not at all, nothing of the kind.
10. You have said, sir, you are quite right. To see ... age! to
think of the wonderful cleverness of the people of this age!
10-2. A sentence ... outward. A clever fellow will as quickly
turn a sentence upside-down as one can turn a kid glove inside-out. cheveril, from Fr. chevreau, kid; cp. R. J. ii. 4. 87, "Here's a wit of cheveril, that stretches from an inch narrow to an ell broad"; H. VIII. ii. 3. 32, "your soft cheveril conscience."
13. dally nicely, play ingeniously.
15, 6. since bonds ... them. A play upon the words in the sense
of (1) since they have been disgraced by being put into bonds (into confinement) and (2) since they were used in money bonds.
Hudson sees here an allusion to an order issued by the Privy
Council in June, 1600, which laid very severe restrictions upon
stage performances, but this is a very forced meaning to put
upon the words.
19. to prove reason, to establish the reasonableness of what I say.
21, 2. carest for nothing, have no cares of any kind.
24. I do not ... you, I do not like you; playing on the phrase
24, 5. If that he ... invisible, if my not caring for you be
equivalent to caring for nothing, I should be glad if it (my not
caring for you) would induce you to take yourself off, make
yourself as invisible as 'nothing' is.
29. pilchards, a small sea fish, resembling the sprat; spelled also
'pilcher,' as by Beaumont and Fletcher and by Middleton.
32. the orb, this orb of the earth.
33-5. I would be ... there, I should be sorry if the fool were
not as often with your master as with my mistress, for I think I
saw your wisdom (i.e. you who lay claim to so much wisdom)
with him (and wisdom should be counteracted, corrected, by
folly). For a somewhat subtle explanation of would here, see
Abb. § 331; for but, § 124. your wisdom, cp. A. C. i. 2. 20,
"Vex not his prescience," i.e. this prescient one, said sarcastically of the sooth-sayer.
36. an thou ... me, if you are going to cut jokes at my expense;
the metaphor is from fencing, in which science a 'pass' is a thrust;
cp. Temp. iv. 1. 244, "an excellent pass of pate," i.e. a clever
thrust of wit.
37. there's expenses for thee, here, there is money for you to
spend; accept this douceur from me.
38, 9. in his ... hair, when next he supplies men with hair,
sends out a consignment of hair; as though Jove were a tradesman and men his customers; cp. i. H. IV. i. 2. 93, "I would to
God I knew where a commodity of good names were to be
40. I am ... one, sick from desire of one; but meaning, as she
adds, not one to grow on her chin, but him who wears a beard,
i.e. her master, Orsino.
43. Would not ... sir? Would not a pair of these coins have
produced more? Cp. M. V. i. 3. 97, "Ant. Or is your gold and
silver ewes and rams? Shy. I cannot tell; I make it breed as
44. put to use, put out to interest; cp. M. A. ii. l. 288,
"Indeed, my lord, he lent it me awhile; and I gave him use for
it, a double heart for his single one"; V. A. 768, "gold that's
put to use more gold begets."
45. I would ... Phrygia, I would act as a go-between; as
Pandarus of Troy is represented in the mediaeval romances as
acting between Troilus and Cressida.
47. 'tis well begged, you have made your petition very cleverly.
48, 9. The matter ... beggar, it is nothing very great that I have
begged, for in begging for a Cressida to unite with this Troilus, I
have but begged a beggar, for Cressida was but a beggar; in the
abovementioned romances she is represented in her later days as
having fallen into extreme poverty.
50. construe to them, explain to them.
51, 2. are out ... over-worn, are out of my sphere, I might say
out of my 'element,' but the word has been worn to tatters by
constant use; welkin, the regions of the clouds, "- A. S. wolcnu,
clouds, pl. of wolcen, a cloud ... Of uncertain origin." ... (Skeat,
Ety. Dict.). Of course while satirizing the fantastic use of
'element,' the Clown, in 'welkin,' uses a still more fantastic word.
54. craves, needs, lit. begs.
55. He must, i.e. he who plays the fool: their mood on whom,
the mood, temper, of those at whom he aims his jests.
57. Not, like ... eye. The Folio reads "And, like," etc., for
which the majority of mod. edd. have adopted Johnson's conjecture, 'Not, like,' etc., Not, like an untramed hawk, swoop at
every bird that comes in its way: haggard, "a wild, untrained
hawk ('Faulcon hagard. A Hagard; a Falcon that preyed for
herself long before she was taken, Cotgrave's Fr. and Eng. Dict.')" (Dyce, Gloss.). For check at, see note on ii. 5. 104.
58, 9. This is ... art, to know when and where to give vent to
his jests, the proper seasons, and the right persons at whom to
aim his witticisms, requires as much study as a wise man's art.
60. For folly ... fit, for the folly of such a fool, i.e. of one who
knows when and where, etc., is fitting folly.
61. But wise ... wit. But wise men, when they betake themselves to folly, to fooling, cause their reputation for wisdom to be
quite tainted, to lose its good savour.
64. Dieu ... monsieur, God keep, protect, you.
65. Et vous ... serviteur, and you also; your humble servant.
67. Will you ... house, probably in ridicule of the fantastic
jargon of the euphuists, further imitated in "she is in the list of
my voyage," "taste your legs," "pregnant and vouchsafed ear."
68. if your ... her, if your business be with her; but with a
reference to trading with a foreign country; cp. Haml, iii. 2.
346, "Have you any further trade with us?"
69, 70. I am ... voyage, the port for which I am bound is your
niece's house, that is the limit, goal, of my voyage; list is lit. a
stripe or border of cloth, which latter word is used by Marlowe,
Ovid's Elegies, Bk. i., xi. 2, in the same sense, "whose cunning
hath no border"; cp. Oth. v. 2. 268, "here is my butt And very
sea-mark of my utmost sail."
71. Taste your legs, make experiment of; 'taste' was formerly
used of handling, using, as well as of touching with the palate,
but Sir Toby is only carrying on his affected language.
72. do better understand me, with a play upon the word in the
sense of 'support.'
75. I will ... entrance, I will answer you, meet your wishes, by
going and entering; imitating Sir Toby's affectation of language: gait, though really derived from the verb to 'get,' was popularly
connected with the verb to 'go.'
75, 6. we are prevented, my intention of going is anticipated, i.e.
by the entrance of Olivia; cp. Haml. ii. 2. 305, "So shall my
anticipation prevent your discovery"; J. C. v. 1. 105.
81, 2. My matter ... ear, my business, that with which I am
charged, can be spoken only in your own most receptive and
vouchsafing ear; can be told only to you if, as you have hitherto
shown yourself, you are graciously pleased to hear it: pregnant,
ready to listen, quick at taking in: for vouchsafed, = vouchsafing,
cp, Cymb. v. 4. 102, "to make my gift, The more delayed,
83, 4. I'll get ... ready, I will get all these phrases by heart
and have them ready for use when an opportunity offers.
85. to my hearing, to hear alone the message that has been
88. My duty ... service, i.e. I pay you my, etc., said as she
gives her hand.
91. My servant, sir? used by Olivia in the sense in which the
word was employed as a term of gallantry by suitors speaking of
themselves to the ladies whose love they sought, and also by
ladies in addressing those suitors.
91, 2. 'Twas never ... compliment; the world has never gone
well since the pretence of humility was used in the place of
courtesy; for compliment, cp. W. T. i. 2. 371, "even now I met
him With customary compliment": for the omission of the
article, see Abb. § 84.
96. For him, as for him, as regards him.
96, 7. for his ... me! as for his thoughts I would they were as
a sheet of paper on which nothing has been written, rather than
that they should be written over with me, filled from top to
bottom of the page with me.
98. to whet, to sharpen, and so excite, stimulate; cp. Haml. iii. 4. lll, "to whet my almost blunted purposes."
99. by your leave, if you will pardon my saying so.
101. would you ... suit, if you were willing to urge another
102. I had ... that, I would more gladly listen to your prayers in that matter; for hear you to, see Abb. Â § 349.
103. Than ... spheres, an allusion to the Pythagorean belief
that the stars in their revolution produced a heavenly music;
cp. M. V. V. 1. 58-62, "Look now the floor of heaven Is thick
inlaid with patines of bright sold: There's not the smallest orb
which thou behold'st But in his motion like an angel sings, still
quiring to the young-eyed cherubins"; A. C. v. 2. 84, "his voice was propertied As all the tuned spheres."
104. beseech you, i.e. I beseech you; as very frequently in
105. After ... here, after the last occasion on which you exercised
your magical influence over me; for did in its original sense of 'caused,' 'made,' see Abb. § 303.
108. in chase, in pursuit of you, after you: so I did abuse, and
in doins so I misused, did a wrong to; me, dat. reflexively, for
108-10. Under ... yours, you must, I fear, have put a harsh
construction upon my act in forcing upon your acceptance, by an
unworthy trick, that which you knew did not belong to you; to
force, for this gerundive use of the infinitive, see Abb. § 356.
110. what ... think? what could you think? might, the past
tense indicative of may; see Abb. § 312.
111-3. Have you ... think? Have you not (i.e. I am sure you
must have) tied my honour to the stake (as a bear is tied when
baited by dogs) and hunted it to death with the most unchecked
thoughts that a cruel heart could entertain; for the same
metaphor, cp. Macb. v. 7. 1, "They have tied me to a stake; I
cannot fly, But bear-like I must fight the course": of your
receiving, of your ready apprehension, understanding.
114. a cypress ... heart, i.e. my thoughts are plainly visible to
you; cypress, crape, a thin, transparent, fabric; see note on ii.4.53.
116. That's ... love, that is some way towards loving me.
117. No, not a grize, no, not even a single step; Lat. gressus, a step; cp. Oth. i. 3. 200, "a sentence, Which, as a grize, may help these lovers Into your favour": 'tis a ... proof, it is a thing
commonly proved, a matter of every-day experience.
119. Why, then, ... again. If that is so, if you are so utterly
unrelenting, nothing is to be gained by my continuing sorrowful.
120. how apt, how ready; how much addicted to being proud.
121. If one should be, if one is destined to become.
122. To fall ... wolf! to fall a victim to a lion, who would be
generous in his anger, rather than to a wolf, who woidd show
none of that generosity.
124. I will ... you, I will not marry you.
125. when wit ... harvest, when you grow to man's estate, and
are possessed of the intelligence which will then be yours.
126. is like, is likely: to reap, carrying on the metaphor in
128. Then westward-ho! then for the west! This and "Eastward-ho," were cries used by the watermen plying on the Thames,
and have civen names to two comedies, the former by Dekker,
the latter by Ben Jonson, Marston and Chapman.
128, 9. Grace ... ladyship! May the grace of heaven and a
peaceful mind wait upon your ladyship!
130. you'll nothing ... me? You will not, I suppose, send any
message to my lord by me?
133. That you ... are, that you suppose you are not making a
mistake in loving me, whereas you really are doing so.
134. I think ... you, i.e. that you are somebody of higher position
than you seem to be; not understanding the purport of Viola's
135. I am ... am, "I am not the man I seem to be, and I seem
not to be the woman I am" (C. Clarke).
136. as I would ... be, as I should wish you to be, i.e. in love
137. Would it ... am? If I were as you would wish me to be
should I be something better than I am?
138. your fool, the object of your mockery.
139. 40. O, what ... lip! how well even such scorn as his becomes him when displayed in the contemptuous and angry pouting of his lip! Steevens compares V. A. 70, "Which bred more
beauty in his angry eyes."
142. love's night is noon, the greatest secrecy that love can
maintain is as open and clear to lookers-on as the noonday.
143. by the roses, I swear by, etc.
144. maidhood, maidenhood, virginity; cp. Oth. i. 1. 173,
"youth and maidhood."
145. maugre, in spite of, notwithstanding, your being so proud
and stem; Fr. maugre, mal gre; cp. Lear. v. 3. 131; T. A. iv.
146. wit, wisdom, prudence.
147. Do not ... clause, do not endeavour forcibly to release
from the sentence in which they are imprisoned reasons which
shall seem adeauate to you: clause, apparently is used with
reference to its literal sense from Lat. claudere, to shut up, and
the metaphor is kept up in fetter, two lines lower: thy reasons,
reasons which you desire to find.
148. For that ... cause, seeing that I woo, you have no cause to
puzzle about my reasons for loving you; for for that, see Abb. §§ 151, 288.
149. 50. But rather ... better. But instead of endeavouring to,
etc., couple together two chains of reasoning, viz., to seek and
win love is good, but to win love without seeking is better still.
152. I have ... truth, my heart, my thoughts, and my faith are
single, i.e. given to one person only.
153. And that ... has, and that heart, those thoughts, and that
faith belong to no woman (they being all given to Orsino): save
I alone, except myself; for save, see Abb. § 118.
155. Will I ... deplore, will I come to you to tell you in sorrowful accents of my master's sufferings.
158. which now abhors, sc. his love.
How to cite the explanatory notes:
Shakespeare, William. Twelfth Night Or What You Will. Ed. Kenneth Deighton. London: Macmillan, 1889. Shakespeare Online. 20 Dec. 2010. < http://www.shakespeare-online.com/plays/twn_3_1.html >
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