Question: How do you reconcile Macbeth's prompt murder of the grooms with his horror at the mere thought of killing Duncan, and his refusal to carry the bloody daggers back to the chamber?
Answer: Macbeth is restrained from the murder of Duncan by the power of a sensitive conscience, working through imaginary terrors. Notwithstanding the assuring prophecy of the Weird Sisters, he is still haunted by the dreadful fear of
the unknown, possible consequence. Immediately after the
murder, conscience is still more active, and he cannot bring
himself to face the horrors which imagination conjures up,
he cannot brave that "voice" again, he dare not look
on the murdered Duncan! It is the natural terror of a man
"but young in deed," "the initiate fear that wants hard
use." His prompt murder of the grooms in the very next
scene, though seemingly, is not really at variance with this
shrinking which we have just noted.
By utmost effort his
wife has, in the interval, succeeded in rousing him to a realization of the immediate danger of detection in which they
stand. Impressed with this idea, he comes forth to meet the
nobles, and to play such a part upon the discovery of the murdered King, as shall entirely disarm suspicion. His
whole conduct is governed by this desire, and is just what
we should expect from a man whose face is "as a book
where men may read things strange." His very language is
strained and unnatural, appropriate only in the mouth of a
conscious murderer dissembling guilt. He talks to avoid his
own thoughts, and to mislead others.
Exhibition of great grief for the death of the king and
hatred for the perpetrators of the horrible deed seems to him
the proper course, and in no way can this pious indignation
be so effectually shown as in slaying the supposed culprits.
It is possible, too, that he feared the grooms, who had been
in the chamber, certainly roused, and may have seen more
than he supposed.
How to cite this article:
Bowman, N. B. Shakespeare Examinations. Ed. William Taylor Thom, M. A. Boston: Ginn and Co., 1888. Shakespeare Online. 10 Aug. 2010. (date when you accessed the information) < http://www.shakespeare-online.com/plays/macbeth/examq/mthree.html >.