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As You Like It

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ACT IV  SCENE III The forest. 
[Enter ROSALIND and CELIA]
ROSALINDHow say you now? Is it not past two o'clock? and
here much Orlando!
CELIAI warrant you, with pure love and troubled brain, he
hath ta'en his bow and arrows and is gone forth to
sleep. Look, who comes here.
[Enter SILVIUS]
SILVIUSMy errand is to you, fair youth;
My gentle Phebe bid me give you this:
I know not the contents; but, as I guess
By the stern brow and waspish action
Which she did use as she was writing of it,10
It bears an angry tenor: pardon me:
I am but as a guiltless messenger.
ROSALINDPatience herself would startle at this letter
And play the swaggerer; bear this, bear all:
She says I am not fair, that I lack manners;
She calls me proud, and that she could not love me,
Were man as rare as phoenix. 'Od's my will!
Her love is not the hare that I do hunt:
Why writes she so to me? Well, shepherd, well,
This is a letter of your own device.20
SILVIUSNo, I protest, I know not the contents:
Phebe did write it.
ROSALINDCome, come, you are a fool
And turn'd into the extremity of love.
I saw her hand: she has a leathern hand.
A freestone-colour'd hand; I verily did think
That her old gloves were on, but 'twas her hands:
She has a huswife's hand; but that's no matter:
I say she never did invent this letter;
This is a man's invention and his hand.
SILVIUSSure, it is hers.30
ROSALINDWhy, 'tis a boisterous and a cruel style.
A style for-challengers; why, she defies me,
Like Turk to Christian: women's gentle brain
Could not drop forth such giant-rude invention
Such Ethiope words, blacker in their effect
Than in their countenance. Will you hear the letter?
SILVIUSSo please you, for I never heard it yet;
Yet heard too much of Phebe's cruelty.
ROSALINDShe Phebes me: mark how the tyrant writes.
[Reads]
Art thou god to shepherd turn'd,40
That a maiden's heart hath burn'd?
Can a woman rail thus?
SILVIUSCall you this railing?
ROSALIND[Reads]
Why, thy godhead laid apart,
Warr'st thou with a woman's heart?
Did you ever hear such railing?
Whiles the eye of man did woo me,
That could do no vengeance to me.
Meaning me a beast.
If the scorn of your bright eyne50
Have power to raise such love in mine,
Alack, in me what strange effect
Would they work in mild aspect!
Whiles you chid me, I did love;
How then might your prayers move!
He that brings this love to thee
Little knows this love in me:
And by him seal up thy mind;


Whether that thy youth and kind
Will the faithful offer take60
Of me and all that I can make;
Or else by him my love deny,
And then I'll study how to die.
SILVIUSCall you this chiding?
CELIAAlas, poor shepherd!
ROSALINDDo you pity him? no, he deserves no pity. Wilt
thou love such a woman? What, to make thee an
instrument and play false strains upon thee! not to
be endured! Well, go your way to her, for I see
love hath made thee a tame snake, and say this to
her: that if she love me, I charge her to love
thee; if she will not, I will never have her unless
thou entreat for her. If you be a true lover,
hence, and not a word; for here comes more company.
[Exit SILVIUS]
[Enter OLIVER]
OLIVERGood morrow, fair ones: pray you, if you know,75
Where in the purlieus of this forest stands
A sheep-cote fenced about with olive trees?
CELIAWest of this place, down in the neighbour bottom:
The rank of osiers by the murmuring stream
Left on your right hand brings you to the place.
But at this hour the house doth keep itself;
There's none within.
OLIVERIf that an eye may profit by a tongue,
Then should I know you by description;
Such garments and such years: 'The boy is fair,85
Of female favour, and bestows himself
Like a ripe sister: the woman low
And browner than her brother.' Are not you
The owner of the house I did inquire for?
CELIAIt is no boast, being ask'd, to say we are.
OLIVEROrlando doth commend him to you both,
And to that youth he calls his Rosalind
He sends this bloody napkin. Are you he?
ROSALINDI am: what must we understand by this?
OLIVERSome of my shame; if you will know of me95
What man I am, and how, and why, and where
This handkercher was stain'd.
CELIAI pray you, tell it.
OLIVERWhen last the young Orlando parted from you
He left a promise to return again
Within an hour, and pacing through the forest,
Chewing the food of sweet and bitter fancy,
Lo, what befell! he threw his eye aside,
And mark what object did present itself:
Under an oak, whose boughs were moss'd with age
And high top bald with dry antiquity,105
A wretched ragged man, o'ergrown with hair,
Lay sleeping on his back: about his neck
A green and gilded snake had wreathed itself,
Who with her head nimble in threats approach'd
The opening of his mouth; but suddenly,
Seeing Orlando, it unlink'd itself,
And with indented glides did slip away
Into a bush: under which bush's shade
A lioness, with udders all drawn dry,
Lay couching, head on ground, with catlike watch,115
When that the sleeping man should stir; for 'tis
The royal disposition of that beast
To prey on nothing that doth seem as dead:
This seen, Orlando did approach the man
And found it was his brother, his elder brother.
CELIAO, I have heard him speak of that same brother;
And he did render him the most unnatural
That lived amongst men.
OLIVERAnd well he might so do,
For well I know he was unnatural.
ROSALINDBut, to Orlando: did he leave him there,125
Food to the suck'd and hungry lioness?
OLIVERTwice did he turn his back and purposed so;
But kindness, nobler ever than revenge,
And nature, stronger than his just occasion,
Made him give battle to the lioness,
Who quickly fell before him: in which hurtling
From miserable slumber I awaked.
CELIAAre you his brother?
ROSALINDWast you he rescued?
CELIAWas't you that did so oft contrive to kill him?
OLIVER'Twas I; but 'tis not I I do not shame135
To tell you what I was, since my conversion
So sweetly tastes, being the thing I am.
ROSALINDBut, for the bloody napkin?
OLIVERBy and by.
When from the first to last betwixt us two
Tears our recountments had most kindly bathed,
As how I came into that desert place:--
In brief, he led me to the gentle duke,
Who gave me fresh array and entertainment,
Committing me unto my brother's love;
Who led me instantly unto his cave,145
There stripp'd himself, and here upon his arm
The lioness had torn some flesh away,
Which all this while had bled; and now he fainted
And cried, in fainting, upon Rosalind.
Brief, I recover'd him, bound up his wound;
And, after some small space, being strong at heart,
He sent me hither, stranger as I am,
To tell this story, that you might excuse
His broken promise, and to give this napkin
Dyed in his blood unto the shepherd youth155
That he in sport doth call his Rosalind.
[ROSALIND swoons]
CELIAWhy, how now, Ganymede! sweet Ganymede!
OLIVERMany will swoon when they do look on blood.
CELIAThere is more in it. Cousin Ganymede!
OLIVERLook, he recovers.
ROSALINDI would I were at home.
CELIAWe'll lead you thither.
I pray you, will you take him by the arm?
OLIVERBe of good cheer, youth: you a man! you lack a163
man's heart.
ROSALINDI do so, I confess it. Ah, sirrah, a body would
think this was well counterfeited! I pray you, tell
your brother how well I counterfeited. Heigh-ho!
OLIVERThis was not counterfeit: there is too great
testimony in your complexion that it was a passion
of earnest.
ROSALINDCounterfeit, I assure you.
OLIVERWell then, take a good heart and counterfeit to be a man.
ROSALINDSo I do: but, i' faith, I should have been a woman by right.
CELIACome, you look paler and paler: pray you, draw
homewards. Good sir, go with us.176
OLIVERThat will I, for I must bear answer back
How you excuse my brother, Rosalind.
ROSALINDI shall devise something: but, I pray you, commend
my counterfeiting to him. Will you go?
[Exeunt]

Next: As You Like It, Act 5, Scene 1
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Explanatory notes for Act 4, Scene 3
From As You Like It. Ed. Samuel Thurber, Jr. and Louise Wetherbee. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1922.
(Line numbers have been altered.)
__________

Vengeance upon the scornful Phebe is planned and some sympathy given to poor Silvius. Another character arrives in the forest, which is gradually drawing them all within its borders, and another love affair is hinted at.

Line 4. Where does Celia stop a moment in this line to give an unexpected turn?

6. Look ... here: This sounds almost like the modern girl.

9. waspish: How clearly does Shakespeare picture Phebe to us by this word!

11. tenor: meaning.

13. startle: be startled.

14. swaggerer: bully.

17. phoenix: a fabulous bird said to live, one at a time, 500 years, a new one rising from the ashes of the old. 'Od's...will: Rosalind certainly enjoys her masculine privilege. She is sorry for Silvius and takes this way to conceal from him the contents of the letter.

26. freestone-colored: a dirty brownish color.

27. huswife's hand: the hand of a hard-working woman.

34. giant-rude: outrageously rude.

36. Ethiope: black. Used as an adjective here.

39. She Phebes me: As Phebe had practiced her cruelty on Silvius, so now, Rosalind says, she even practices it on her, i.e. on Ganymede. Accent me.

44. laid apart: laid aside.

48. vengeance: An unusual meaning of vengeance, apparently equivalent to harm or injury.

60. eyne: eyes.

63. aspect: perhaps used as if comparing eyes to stars.

68. seal ... mind: send a sealed letter by him.

69. kind: nature.

70. tame snake: expression of scorn.

75. Why fair ones?

76. purlieus: borders.

78. bottom: valley.

79. rank of osiers: row of willows.

85. What is the purpose of this description?

86. favor: appearance.

87. ripe: older.

93. napkin: handkerchief. Do not fail to notice the expressions on the faces of the two girls when they see the napkin.

101. Of whom was Orlando thinking?

104. Here begins a bit of vivid description.

122. render: describe.

129. just occasion: just opportunity for revenge.

131. hurtling: crashing noise.

140. recountments: narrations.

169. Almost a betrayal here.

166. sirrah: here used as an expletive. body: person.

178. Rosalind: Note that Oliver addresses Rosalind by her real name and not by her assumed name of Ganymede. Is he suspicious or is it natural?

QUESTIONS

1. Why does Rosalind attempt to deceive Silvius? Do you think she does?

2. Contrast the attitude of Celia and Rosalind towards this love-sick shepherd. How do you explain it?

3. Are you surprised to see Oliver? Why not? How does he look?

4. Why does he address himself to Celia and why does she answer his questions?

5. Has he ever seen the girls at court?

6. Why does Shakespeare have Oliver tell the story of his danger rather than have it acted on the stage?

7. Does Rosalind really faint? Defend your answer.

8. Comment upon Oliver's sudden conversion.

9. Does he suspect anything?

10. As the fourth act ends why do we wait rather breathlessly for the last act?

________
How to cite the explanatory notes:

Shakespeare, William. As You Like It. Eds. Samuel Thurber, Jr. and Louise Wetherbee. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1922. Shakespeare Online. 10 Aug. 2010. (date when you accessed the information) < http://www.shakespeare-online.com/plays/asu_4_3.html >.

________

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