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   King Henry IV, Part II
ACT IV SCENE I Yorkshire. Gaultree Forest. 
ARCHBISHOP OF YORK What is this forest call'd? 
HASTINGS 'Tis Gaultree Forest, an't shall please your grace. 
ARCHBISHOP OF YORK Here stand, my lords; and send discoverers forth 
 To know the numbers of our enemies. 5
HASTINGS We have sent forth already. 
ARCHBISHOP OF YORK 'Tis well done. 
 My friends and brethren in these great affairs, 
 I must acquaint you that I have received 
 New-dated letters from Northumberland; 10
 Their cold intent, tenor and substance, thus: 
 Here doth he wish his person, with such powers 
 As might hold sortance with his quality, 
 The which he could not levy; whereupon 
 He is retired, to ripe his growing fortunes, 15
 To Scotland: and concludes in hearty prayers 
 That your attempts may overlive the hazard 
 And fearful melting of their opposite. 
MOWBRAY Thus do the hopes we have in him touch ground 
 And dash themselves to pieces. 20
 Enter a Messenger 
HASTINGS Now, what news? 
Messenger West of this forest, scarcely off a mile, 
 In goodly form comes on the enemy; 
 And, by the ground they hide, I judge their number 
 Upon or near the rate of thirty thousand. 25
MOWBRAY The just proportion that we gave them out 
 Let us sway on and face them in the field. 
ARCHBISHOP OF YORK What well-appointed leader fronts us here? 
MOWBRAY I think it is my Lord of Westmoreland. 
WESTMORELAND Health and fair greeting from our general, 30
 The prince, Lord John and Duke of Lancaster. 
ARCHBISHOP OF YORK Say on, my Lord of Westmoreland, in peace: 
 What doth concern your coming? 
WESTMORELAND Then, my lord, 
 Unto your grace do I in chief address 35
 The substance of my speech. If that rebellion 
 Came like itself, in base and abject routs, 
 Led on by bloody youth, guarded with rags, 
 And countenanced by boys and beggary, 
 I say, if damn'd commotion so appear'd, 40
 In his true, native and most proper shape, 
 You, reverend father, and these noble lords 
 Had not been here, to dress the ugly form 
 Of base and bloody insurrection 
 With your fair honours. You, lord archbishop, 45
 Whose see is by a civil peace maintained, 
 Whose beard the silver hand of peace hath touch'd, 
 Whose learning and good letters peace hath tutor'd, 
 Whose white investments figure innocence, 
 The dove and very blessed spirit of peace, 50
 Wherefore do you so ill translate ourself 
 Out of the speech of peace that bears such grace, 
 Into the harsh and boisterous tongue of war; 
 Turning your books to graves, your ink to blood, 
 Your pens to lances and your tongue divine 55
 To a trumpet and a point of war? 
ARCHBISHOP OF YORK Wherefore do I this? so the question stands. 
 Briefly to this end: we are all diseased, 
 And with our surfeiting and wanton hours 
 Have brought ourselves into a burning fever, 60
 And we must bleed for it; of which disease 
 Our late king, Richard, being infected, died. 
 But, my most noble Lord of Westmoreland, 
 I take not on me here as a physician, 
 Nor do I as an enemy to peace 65
 Troop in the throngs of military men; 
 But rather show awhile like fearful war, 
 To diet rank minds sick of happiness 
 And purge the obstructions which begin to stop 
 Our very veins of life. Hear me more plainly. 70
 I have in equal balance justly weigh'd 
 What wrongs our arms may do, what wrongs we suffer, 
 And find our griefs heavier than our offences. 
 We see which way the stream of time doth run, 
 And are enforced from our most quiet there 75
 By the rough torrent of occasion; 
 And have the summary of all our griefs, 
 When time shall serve, to show in articles; 
 Which long ere this we offer'd to the king, 
 And might by no suit gain our audience: 80
 When we are wrong'd and would unfold our griefs, 
 We are denied access unto his person 
 Even by those men that most have done us wrong. 
 The dangers of the days but newly gone, 
 Whose memory is written on the earth 85
 With yet appearing blood, and the examples 
 Of every minute's instance, present now, 
 Hath put us in these ill-beseeming arms, 
 Not to break peace or any branch of it, 
 But to establish here a peace indeed, 90
 Concurring both in name and quality. 
WESTMORELAND When ever yet was your appeal denied? 
 Wherein have you been galled by the king? 
 What peer hath been suborn'd to grate on you, 
 That you should seal this lawless bloody book 95
 Of forged rebellion with a seal divine 
 And consecrate commotion's bitter edge? 
ARCHBISHOP OF YORK My brother general, the commonwealth, 
 To brother born an household cruelty, 
 I make my quarrel in particular. 100
WESTMORELAND There is no need of any such redress; 
 Or if there were, it not belongs to you. 
MOWBRAY Why not to him in part, and to us all 
 That feel the bruises of the days before, 
 And suffer the condition of these times 105
 To lay a heavy and unequal hand 
 Upon our honours? 
WESTMORELAND O, my good Lord Mowbray, 
 Construe the times to their necessities, 
 And you shall say indeed, it is the time, 110
 And not the king, that doth you injuries. 
 Yet for your part, it not appears to me 
 Either from the king or in the present time 
 That you should have an inch of any ground 
 To build a grief on: were you not restored 115
 To all the Duke of Norfolk's signories, 
 Your noble and right well remember'd father's? 
MOWBRAY What thing, in honour, had my father lost, 
 That need to be revived and breathed in me? 
 The king that loved him, as the state stood then, 120
 Was force perforce compell'd to banish him: 
 And then that Harry Bolingbroke and he, 
 Being mounted and both roused in their seats, 
 Their neighing coursers daring of the spur, 
 Their armed staves in charge, their beavers down, 125
 Their eyes of fire sparking through sights of steel 
 And the loud trumpet blowing them together, 
 Then, then, when there was nothing could have stay'd 
 My father from the breast of Bolingbroke, 
 O when the king did throw his warder down, 130
 His own life hung upon the staff he threw; 
 Then threw he down himself and all their lives 
 That by indictment and by dint of sword 
 Have since miscarried under Bolingbroke. 
WESTMORELAND You speak, Lord Mowbray, now you know not what. 135
 The Earl of Hereford was reputed then 
 In England the most valiant gentlemen: 
 Who knows on whom fortune would then have smiled? 
 But if your father had been victor there, 
 He ne'er had borne it out of Coventry: 140
 For all the country in a general voice 
 Cried hate upon him; and all their prayers and love 
 Were set on Hereford, whom they doted on 
 And bless'd and graced indeed, more than the king. 
 But this is mere digression from my purpose. 145
 Here come I from our princely general 
 To know your griefs; to tell you from his grace 
 That he will give you audience; and wherein 
 It shall appear that your demands are just, 
 You shall enjoy them, every thing set off 150
 That might so much as think you enemies. 
MOWBRAY But he hath forced us to compel this offer; 
 And it proceeds from policy, not love. 
WESTMORELAND Mowbray, you overween to take it so; 
 This offer comes from mercy, not from fear: 155
 For, lo! within a ken our army lies, 
 Upon mine honour, all too confident 
 To give admittance to a thought of fear. 
 Our battle is more full of names than yours, 
 Our men more perfect in the use of arms, 160
 Our armour all as strong, our cause the best; 
 Then reason will our heart should be as good 
 Say you not then our offer is compell'd. 
MOWBRAY Well, by my will we shall admit no parley. 
WESTMORELAND That argues but the shame of your offence: 165
 A rotten case abides no handling. 
HASTINGS Hath the Prince John a full commission, 
 In very ample virtue of his father, 
 To hear and absolutely to determine 
 Of what conditions we shall stand upon? 170
WESTMORELAND That is intended in the general's name: 
 I muse you make so slight a question. 
ARCHBISHOP OF YORK Then take, my Lord of Westmoreland, this schedule, 
 For this contains our general grievances: 
 Each several article herein redress'd, 175
 All members of our cause, both here and hence, 
 That are insinew'd to this action, 
 Acquitted by a true substantial form 
 And present execution of our wills 
 To us and to our purposes confined, 180
 We come within our awful banks again 
 And knit our powers to the arm of peace. 
WESTMORELAND This will I show the general. Please you, lords, 
 In sight of both our battles we may meet; 
 And either end in peace, which God so frame! 185
 Or to the place of difference call the swords 
 Which must decide it. 
ARCHBISHOP OF YORK My lord, we will do so. 
MOWBRAY There is a thing within my bosom tells me 
 That no conditions of our peace can stand. 190
HASTINGS Fear you not that: if we can make our peace 
 Upon such large terms and so absolute 
 As our conditions shall consist upon, 
 Our peace shall stand as firm as rocky mountains. 
MOWBRAY Yea, but our valuation shall be such 195
 That every slight and false-derived cause, 
 Yea, every idle, nice and wanton reason 
 Shall to the king taste of this action; 
 That, were our royal faiths martyrs in love, 
 We shall be winnow'd with so rough a wind 200
 That even our corn shall seem as light as chaff 
 And good from bad find no partition. 
ARCHBISHOP OF YORK No, no, my lord. Note this; the king is weary 
 Of dainty and such picking grievances: 
 For he hath found to end one doubt by death 205
 Revives two greater in the heirs of life, 
 And therefore will he wipe his tables clean 
 And keep no tell-tale to his memory 
 That may repeat and history his loss 
 To new remembrance; for full well he knows 210
 He cannot so precisely weed this land 
 As his misdoubts present occasion: 
 His foes are so enrooted with his friends 
 That, plucking to unfix an enemy, 
 He doth unfasten so and shake a friend: 215
 So that this land, like an offensive wife 
 That hath enraged him on to offer strokes, 
 As he is striking, holds his infant up 
 And hangs resolved correction in the arm 
 That was uprear'd to execution. 220
HASTINGS Besides, the king hath wasted all his rods 
 On late offenders, that he now doth lack 
 The very instruments of chastisement: 
 So that his power, like to a fangless lion, 
 May offer, but not hold. 225
ARCHBISHOP OF YORK 'Tis very true: 
 And therefore be assured, my good lord marshal, 
 If we do now make our atonement well, 
 Our peace will, like a broken limb united, 
 Grow stronger for the breaking. 230
MOWBRAY Be it so. 
 Here is return'd my Lord of Westmoreland. 
WESTMORELAND The prince is here at hand: pleaseth your lordship 
 To meet his grace just distance 'tween our armies. 
MOWBRAY Your grace of York, in God's name then, set forward. 235
ARCHBISHOP OF YORK Before, and greet his grace: my lord, we come. 

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