The scene opens with the conspirators - Hotspur, Worcester, Mortimer and Glendower - discussing the odds as they prepare to move against King Henry's troops. Hotspur ridicules Glendower's superstitions and fighting breaks out amongst them over how to divide the land if they win. They quickly reconcile and agree to focus their attention on the King at Shrewsburry. But another argument breaks out over Hotspur's idea to change the course of a river to gain more land ("the smug and silver Trent shall run/In a new channel"). Then Hotspur mocks Glendower over his poor English skills, much to the dismay of Mortimer and Worcester. Glendower leaves and returns with the ladies, and a touching moment between Hotspur and Lady Percy ends the scene.
Explanatory Notes for Act 3, Scene 1
From Henry IV, Part I. Ed. Brainerd Kellogg. New York: Clark and Maynard.
(Line numbers have been altered.)
2. Our induction, introduction or commencement.
15. Cressets, lights. Called cressets because the lights were
in the form of a little cross. F. Croisette.
31. Enlargement, disengagement, liberation.
36. Of, from, on the part of.
45. Clipp'd in, included within.
81. Indentures tripartite, triple agreement.
97. Moiety, share, proportion; not then restricted to denote
99. Comes me cranking in, comes winding or bending inwards.
99. Cantle, slice or corner.
104. Smug. This word generally meant spruce in dress.
111. Continent, that which contains.
146. Break with, broach the subject to. To break with a person now means to quarrel with him.
150. I cannot choose, I cannot help it.
151. The moldwarp, etc. Respecting the dividing of the
land between Mortimer, Percy, and Glendower, Holinshed
says, "This was done (as some have said) through a foolish
credit given to a vain prophecy, as though King Henry was
the moldwarp, cursed of God's own mouth, and they three
were the dragon, the lion, and the wolf, which should divide
this realm between them."
156. Skimble-skamble, rambling.
164. Windmill, used for grinding grain, and therefore
165. Cates, delicacies.
169. Concealments, secrets.
187. Opinion, obstinacy. Cf. opinionated.
192. Be your speed, achieve success.
203. Swelling heavens, flooded eyes.
204. But for shame, etc. Were it not for shaming my manhood, I would weep too.
208. Never be a truant, never play truant from school.
212. Division, descant or variation in music.
215. Rushes, with which the apartment was strewed. Even
the presence chamber of royalty was carpeted with rushes
in old times.
225. Our book, the pages of our indenture.
229. And straight, etc. This is Glendower's assertion of his
234. He 's so humorous. The devil is so swayed by humors.
235. Lady, my brach, my female hound.
251. Comfit, sweet-meats.
254. Sarcenet surety. Asseveration like that of the city
dames. Sarcenet was a stuff made by the Saracens and
worn by the rich.
256. Swear me, Kate. An instance of the expletive pronoun so often occurring in this play.
258. Pepper, spiced.
259. Velvet-guards, women that wear velvet bordered dress.
262. The next way, etc. The nearest way to be like a tailor who is always singing while at work, or a teacher of piping
How to cite the introduction:
Mabillard, Amanda. Introduction to King Henry IV, Part 1 (3.1). Shakespeare Online. 20 Feb. 2010. (date when you accessed the information) < http://www.shakespeare-online.com/plays/1kh4_3_1.html >.
How to cite the explanatory notes:
Shakespeare, William. King Henry IV, Part 1. Ed. Brainerd Kellogg. New York: Clark and Maynard, 1885. Shakespeare Online. 20 Feb. 2010. (date when you accessed the information) < http://www.shakespeare-online.com/plays/1kh4_3_1.html >.